Effective Micro-Organisms (EM)
What is EM
Ceramics & Water
Plastic Tanks & Ponds
The Aquatic Environment
Ultrasonic Algae Control
Ultrasonic Algae Products
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EM Ceramics and Water
When we think of water, we think of H2O - a fairly simple molecule - however, water is a little more complex than that!
Water is in effect two postively hydrogen atoms linked to an negatively charged oxygen atom. In addition, the hydrogen atoms will also be attracted to the oxgen atoms of other water molecules and vice versa - so that one can end up with the molecules bonding with each other and so clumping together. The electrostatic bonds vary in strength depending on the temprature. When the the temprature is low and the atoms 'slow' down, the bonds get stronger - as a result, the molecules are drawn in closer and the water becomes solid - ice!
When the temprature rises, the atoms become more mobile and the bonds weaken and the water therefore changes firstly to a liquid form, eventually ending up as a gas - steam.
In its liquid 'flexible' form, water molecules come into conatct with other atoms which can get trapped within, attracted to the negative charge of the oxygen - these tend to be metal ions with a 'strong' electstatic pull, such as magensium and iorn. Other pollutants can also get trapped, all of which effect the structure and properties of the water.
Molecules are small - but so are microbes! As such, they are far more susceptible